Sonography is a diagnostic medical procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to produce dynamic visual images of organs, tissues, or blood flow inside the body. This type of procedure is called a sonogram. There are several areas of specialization in the field of sonography: Abdomen - evaluation of all the soft tissues, blood vessels and organs of the abdomen Breast - frequently used to evaluate breast lumps and other abnormalities that are found with screening or mammography Obstetrics/Gynecology - evaluation of the developing fetus and the female reproductive system Cardiac - evaluation of the anatomy and function of the heart and related blood vessels Vascular - evaluation of the blood flow through blood vessels Neurosonology - evaluation of the brain and spinal cord in infants Sonography is increasingly being used in the detection and treatment of heart disease, heart attack, and vascular disease that can lead to stroke. It is also used to guide needles for tissue biopsies taken for testing under a microscope.The professionals who perform these procedures are known as sonographers.
What does a diagnostic medical sonographer do?
A diagnostic medical sonographer is a highly-skilled professional who uses specialized equipment to create images of structures inside the human body that are used by physicians to make a medical diagnosis. The professional responsibilities include,
but are not limited to:
- talking with the patients to identify their symptoms
- performing the sonogram and obtaining diagnostic images
- analyzing images and patient information
- using independent judgement in recognizing the need to make adjustments to the sonogram
- providing an oral or written summary of the technical findings to the physician for medical diagnosis
- working with physicians and other health care providers
- providing quality patient care Many sonographers also assist in electronic record keeping,and computerized image storage. Sonographers may also have managerial or supervisory responsibilities.